Throughout the novel in Gatsby will be revealed completely incompatible qualities and motivations. “Here, – according to A. Zverev, – not only the internal need for” vagueness “Gatsby, as he appears to the reader. Here is the incontrovertible logic of social laws that predetermine the real life destiny and the real ethical position of the “dreamer” like Gatsby. It is no coincidence that Fitzgerald, referring to his novel, pointed to the “Brothers Karamazov” as a model that he strove to follow: “The Great Gatsby” is not so much the drama of an individual as the drama of an idea that has become completely false “. This is certainly so, but here, in our opinion, there is to some extent an element of the game, an attempt to play in different images.
Of course, Gatsby understood the incompatibility of these images. But he was “great” precisely by his steadfast adherence to the ideal of the “new Adam”. As Fitzgerald writes, summing up the novel, “Gatsby believed in a green twinkle, the light of the incredible future happiness that is being pushed off every year. Let it slip away today, it does not matter – tomorrow we’ll run even faster, we’ll stretch our hands even further … And one fine morning … “[Fitzgerald, 1985, 160].
But the whole point is that a beautiful morning can not come. The ideal is unattainable. For “we are trying to swim forward, fighting the current, but it is demolishing everything and bringing our ships back to the past” [Fitzgerald, 1985, 160]. To paraphrase the metaphor that ends the novel, we can say that the “dream” is being pushed further and the “new Adam” increasingly looks only as a deceptive dream.
The Ideal itself turns against Gatsby, forcing him to follow the rules of Success, profitable commerce, enrichment, because otherwise the peaks of happiness do not subjugate, and the “pursuit of happiness” is inherent in a person by its very nature and therefore justifies any individual effort to achieve it.
“Great Gatsby” openly expressed the disbelief that America will indeed someday become “the earthly sanctuary for a single person.” In the final scene of the novel, Carraeus sees “an ancient island that arose before the eyes of Dutch sailors – the untouched green fold of the new world. The rustling of his trees, those that later disappeared, giving way to the house of Gatsby, was once the music of the last and greatest human dream; for perhaps a short, enchanted moment, the man held his breath in front of the new continent, involuntarily succumbing to the beauty of the spectacle, which he did not understand and did not seek – because history had once put him face to face with something commensurate with the inherent capacity to admiration “[Fitzgerald, 1985, 159]. But “one fine morning” does not come, as he does not chase after him, no matter how hard to stage his arrival with the rampant merriment of the “jazz century”. For Nick Carraway, this is the main conclusion from the history that occurred before his eyes. The writer’s generation, who spoke in the 1930s, will already accept the final lines of the “Great Gatsby” as an axiom.
Finishing Gatsby, he wrote to one of his friends: “My novel is about how illusions are wasted that give the world such a colorfulness that, having experienced this magic, a person becomes indifferent to the notion of true and false” [Fitzgerald, 1971, 163 ].
In the “Great Gatsby” was expressed and the tragedy of the “Jazz Age”, and his special, painful beauty. Throughout the book there are two figurative series, correlated in the sad and poetic tonality of the novel.
Showing the groundlessness and hopelessness of the “dream” in the modern author of American society, revealing its incompatibility with bourgeois ideals and values, Fitzgerald simultaneously mourns this dream, regretting its unattainability. Hence the inherent sadness and tragedy inherent in his writings alongside the external festive carnival, which gives a special charm and at the same time a metaphysicality to his artistic texts.
As you can see, the problems of the novel “The Great Gatsby” goes far beyond the initial understanding of it only as another sad tale of the jazz century. It seems that the content of the novel is not exhausted by the above motives, but will be increasingly revealed as it is literary and historical analysis, with increasing awareness of Fitzgerald’s role in American literature of the twentieth century.